BOOK OF THE MONTH

A Story of the Australian People
Author: Karl Reginald Cramp

Karl Cramp was the author of several textbooks for school children during the first half of the twentieth century.  His teaching career started when he was appointed as a pupil-teacher in Newcastle in 1895.  Upon graduating from Sydney University in 1906 with an MA degree he was appointed as a lecturer in History at Sydney Teachers’ College and later as Inspector of Secondary Schools in the NSW Department of Education from 1923 to 1943.  The best known and most widely used textbook was A Story of the Australian People, a history written for primary children and secondary school students.  This book was first published in 1927 by George Philip & Son, Sydney. As Cramp explains in his preface to this book:

“Parts I and II will be more interesting to younger children, while Parts III and IV may be read to the higher classes. The whole work has been designed for upper primary and lower secondary classes.”

Mowbray House School Sydney

A recently published (2017) ‘Occasional Paper’ about a little-known and now defunct Sydney school provides a fascinating window into Sydney’s community in the mid-twentieth century.

Drawing from historical records and personal recollections – which complement each other neatly – the author, Colin Dennett, now of Canberra, tells the story of The Mowbray School which operated on Sydney’s North Shore from 1907 to 1954.

Dennett attended the School in the Fifties, and his stories about life there and the personalities whom he encountered enliven what might otherwise have been just dry information about a building. This is a highly readable narrative, especially for those who attended The Mowbray School and the other schools for which Mowbray was a ‘feeder school’, such as Sydney Grammar School.

Others, who grew up in New South Wales in the first half of the Twentieth Century and into the Fifties, will recognise many of the events recorded by Dennett, and the people-distinguished and otherwise – who dominated the State’s rich political, legal and societal scene; and who left their mark in particular on Sydney’s development.

Amongst the wide range of eminent figures who had an association with the school were –Sir Edmund Barton (Australia’s first Prime Minister); Justice George Rich (who drafted Australia’s Constitution and became a Justice of the High Court); Rev George Long (Bishop of Bathurst); Billy Hughes (7th Prime Minister of Australia); Sir Phillip Game (Governor of NSW and, later, Commissioner of London’s Metropolitan Police); and R J F Boyer (ABC Chairman).

The School survived World War I 1914-18 (the ‘Great War’), the Great Depression during the thirties and World War II in the forties, with ‘the numbers of boarders and day boys … maintained.’. Mowbray’s boys also saw, in 1952, the death of George VI and the ascension to the Throne of Queen Elizabeth II.

A quote from a 1919 newspaper article found in the School archives provides an interesting insight (probably shared by Mowbray’s two Headmasters) into the (then) NSW community’s perception of the cause of WW I:

‘Germany’s Crime… German school teaching will probably be found to be primarily responsible for rendering these lamentable war phenomena possible… There is abundant evidence that it was part of the preparation…by the conspirators who planned the onslaught upon civilized people…’.

Nowadays, as history is deconstructed and reconstructed, often for political and disingenuously tendentious reasons, those sentiments may be criticised as being anachronistic. Nevertheless, they were pervasive at the time, and readers should remember the old aphorism:

Those who cannot learn from history are doomed to repeat it.

What sort of school was Mowbray? Dennett compares it favourably with the English Grammar School, as reflected, for example, in Anthony Buckeridge’s ‘Jennings’ series of humorous novels of school life in England – life characterised in the novels by ‘schoolboy adventures and pranks’. Dennett himself confesses to taking part in Jennings- style pranks, both at Mowbray and, later, at Tudor House Preparatory School in Moss Vale, another school based on the English model.

This is an engaging story, with factual material neatly interspersed with personal perceptions and recollections, lively anecdotes and frequent references to Lancelot Bavin, the School’s Headmaster for some 48 years. In addition, there are several handsome photographs of the school itself.

Dennett observes that ‘…Mowbray…has involved many people… and by now, thousands of descendants’; and he expresses the hope that ‘(its) rich and meaningful history’ might find its way through to at least some of them’. Those who do read it will be, as was Dennett, ‘transported back in time to experience aspects of their lives and beyond which they never knew anything about’.

Highly recommended.

Fergus Thomson RFD BA MA

Barrister- at –Law

Canberra 2017

Launch of Occasional Paper


Canberra identity, Mr James Service, AO, launched a new ANME publication, Mowbray House Sydney: Reflections, at the recent ANZHES Conference held at the Inspire Centre in September. Mr Service has had a long and distinguished career in the property industry and has served in a range of capacities in public affairs and causes within the Canberra community.

The author of the Occasional Paper is Colin Dennett is a former pupil of Mowbray House Boys’ Preparatory School which existed from 1906 to 1954. Colin’s chance re-connection with his first school came about through his discovery of the school archive which was presented to the ANME by Sydney lawyer, Mr Trevor Fowler in 2014.

Colin’s exploration of this archive has resulted in a fascinating study of the Headmaster’s Reports over the first half of the 20th Century. Mr Service is also a former pupil of the school.

Director visits England and Ireland

During June and July, the Director toured a number of school museums and Victorian classrooms in England and Ireland. This enabled him to promote the ANME and to exchange information with curators and staff. His visits included the British Schools Museum in Queen Street, Hitchin, The Ragged School in London’s East End, the Sevington Victorian School near the village of Grittleton in Wiltshire and the Ballyverdaugh National School, in Northern Ireland.

Read the full article

 

UC Open Day 2017

You are invited to view
a unique national collection of

◊        educational archives      ◊

Visit the Australian National Museum of Education on

UC OPEN DAY

Saturday 27 August
10.00am to 2.00pm

Building 5 Level A

UNIVERSITY OF CANBERRA

 

Download the poster